<TED Worksheet (Free)>
43. How do cigarettes affect the body?
Krishna Sudhir
<5:13>   September 2018

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
(PDF)   (Word)

Trascript

 

≪Questions:How do cigarettes affect the body?≫

  1. In one inhalation of smoking, how many different chemical substances will our body be exposed to?  

 

  1. According to the speech, which of the following damages is notcaused by smoking?
  1. oxygen deprivation
  2. tooth decay  
  3. loss of hearing
  4. increase of infections




  1. Why is smoking highly addictive?

  

 

  1. About how many cancer deaths in the United States are caused by smoking?

 

 

  1. The following chart describes the positive effects caused by quitting smoking. Fill in the blanks.  

a. 20 minutes after the final cigarette

Your (1)                          and

(2)                       begin to return

to normal.

 

b. 12 hours after the final cigarette

The levels of (3)                    stabilize.

 

c. 1 day after the final cigarette

The risk of (4)                  begins

to decrease.

 

d. 2 days after the final cigarette

The nerve endings responsible for

(5)                 and (6)                   

begin to recover.

 

e. 1 month after the final cigarette

The (7)                     become healthier.

 

f. 1 year after the final cigarette

(8)                  function improves,

leading to the dramatic

decrease of heart disease risk.

 

g. 5 years after the final cigarette

The chances of (9)                    

decrease, leading to reduced 

risk of stroke.

 

h. 10 years after the final cigarette

The chances of developing fatal

(10)                  decrease.

 

i. 15 years after the final cigarette

The likelihood of developing

coronary (11)                         

will essentially become the same as that

of a non-smoker

 

  1. The speaker mentions that there are some therapies to help smokers stay away from cigarettes. List two of them.

(1)                                                       

                                                            

                                                            

(2)                                                       

                                                            

                                                            




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≪Answers:How do cigarettes affect the body?≫

  1. In one inhalation of smoking, how many different chemical substances will our body be exposed to?  
    5,000

 

  1. According to the speech, which of the following damages is notcaused by smoking?
  1. oxygen deprivation
  2. tooth decay  
  3. loss of hearing
  4. increase of infections

 



3. Why is smoking highly addictive?
  Because nicotine triggers the release of dopamine and other neurotransmitters (including endorphins) that create the pleasurable sensations.

 

 

4. About how many cancer deaths in the United States are caused by smoking?
1/3

 

  1. The following chart describes the positive effects caused by quitting smoking. Fill in the blanks.  

a. 20 minutes after the final cigarette

Your (1)  heart rate    and

(2)   blood pressure    begin to

return to normal.

 

b. 12 hours after the final cigarette

The levels of (3) carbon monoxide   

stabilize.

 

c. 1 day after the final cigarette

The risk of (4)  heart attack   begins

to decrease.

 

d. 2 days after the final cigarette

The nerve endings responsible for

(5) smell   and (6) taste   

begin to recover.

 

e. 1 month after the final cigarette

The (7) lungs   become healthier.

 

f. 1 year after the final cigarette

(8) Blood vessel   function

improves, leading to the dramatic

decrease of heart disease risk.

 

g. 5 years after the final cigarette

The chances of (9)  clot forming   

decrease, leading to reduced 

risk of stroke.

 

h. 10 years after the final cigarette

The chances of developing fatal

(10)  lung cancer   decrease.

 

i. 15 years after the final cigarette

The likelihood of developing

coronary (11)  heart disease     

will essentially become the same as that

of a non-smoker

 

  1. The speaker mentions that there are some therapies to help smokers stay away from cigarettes. List two of them.

(1)   nicotine replacement therapy   

    (through gum, skin patches,       

     lozenges, and sprays)                 

(2)   counseling                                 

                                                            

                                                            

(other possible answers) support groups / cognitive behavioral therapy / moderate intensity exercise

 
 

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