<TED Worksheet (Free)>
53. The psychology of post-traumatic stress disorder?
Joelle Rabow Maletis
<5:10>   June 2018

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
(PDF)   (Word)

Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.

(1) linger

(2) malfunction

(3) ordeal

(4) hypothalamic

(5) pituitary

(6) adrenal

(7) parasympathetic

(8) gland

(9) cascade

(10) crisis

(11) jittery

(12) cortisol

(13) prompt

(14) evoke

(15) invalidate

(16) encourage

(17) wound.  

 



================
<Questions>

  1. In the speech, which of the following symptoms is not mentioned as a long-term effect of trauma?
  1. high blood pressure      
  2. flashbacks
  3. negative thoughts that interfere with everyday life
  4. nightmares

 

  1. What does PTSD stand for?

 

 





 

  1. The following chart describes what PTSD is. Fill in the blanks.
  • PTSD is not a personal failing;

     rather, it’s a treatable

     (1)              of certain

      biological   mechanisms that allow

      us to cope with dangerous

      experiences.

 

  • To understand PTSD, understanding

      how our (2)             processes a

      wide range of ordeals, such as abuse,

       rape, and war, is necessary. Those

       events activate the brain’s alarm

       system, known as the

       (3)                  (3 words)

       response.

 

  • When the alarm sounds, signals will be

       sent to parasympathetic nervous

       system, which is the network used to

       help regulate functions like

      (4)                              (2 words),

      (5)               , and

     (6)               . The signals

     start a chemical cascade with

     several different

     (7)                hormones,

     which will make

     a.  our heart rate

          (8)               up

     b. our breathing

        (9)                                 

     c. our muscles

        (10)                               

 



  1. Even after a crisis is over, for most people, high level of stress hormones may last for a few days. How long, at most, does it usually take for their hormone levels to stabilize?

 

 

  1. A few people who experience trauma have persistent problems and occasionally experience negative symptoms. Which of the following examples of the symptoms is not mentioned in the speech?
  1. avoiding reminders of the trauma
  2. memory loss
  3. reactive symptoms, such as irritability and
  4. intrusive thoughts, such as dreams and flashbacks

 

 

  1. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.
  1. Scientists believe genetics has nothing to do with experiencing PTSD.          
  2. One of the major challenges of coping with PTSD is sensitivity to triggers.          
  3. Talking with mental health professionals can be very expensive, so you should avoid that option unless it is absolutely necessary.          
  4. People coping with PTSD may be isolated because what triggers physical and emotional reactions is unpredictable,           




  1. If you notice some signs of PTSD in your friend or family member, you should
  1. let them know that recovering from PTSD is usually easy. 
  2. warn them not to tell anyone because they will be embarrassed.
  3. let them know that you understand their difficulties.
  4. tell them to avoid getting evaluation and treatment because they are not usually effective.

 

  1. Why has PTSD been called “the hidden wound?”

 

 




================
<Answers>

  1. In the speech, which of the following symptoms is not mentioned as a long-term effect of trauma?
  1. high blood pressure
  2. flashbacks
  3. negative thoughts that interfere with everyday life
  4. nightmares

 

  1. What does PTSD stand for?

  post-traumatic stress disorder

 




  1. The following chart describes what PTSD is. Fill in the blanks.
  • PTSD is not a personal failing;

     rather, it’s a treatable

     (1)   malfunction   of certain

      biological   mechanisms that allow

      us to cope with dangerous

      experiences.

 

  • To understand PTSD, understanding

      how our (2)    brain     processes a

      wide range of ordeals, such as abuse,

       rape, and war, is necessary. Those

       events activate the brain’s alarm

       system, known as the

       (3)  fight-flight-freeze      (3 words)

       response.

 

  • When the alarm sounds, signals will be

       sent to parasympathetic nervous

       system, which is the network used to

       help regulate functions like

      (4)   heart rate     (2 words),

      (5)   digestion    , and

     (6)   respiration   . The signals

     start a chemical cascade with

     several different

     (7)  stress     hormones,

     which will make

     a.  our heart rate

          (8)   speed     up

     b. our breathing

        (9)   quicker         

     c. our muscles

        (10)  tense      

 



  1. Even after a crisis is over, for most people, high level of stress hormones may last for a few days. How long, at most, does it usually take for their hormone levels to stabilize?

two weeks

 

  1. A few people who experience trauma have persistent problems and occasionally experience negative symptoms. Which of the following examples of the symptoms is not mentioned in the speech?
  1. avoiding reminders of the trauma
  2. memory loss
  3. reactive symptoms, such as irritability and
  4. intrusive thoughts, such as dreams and flashbacks

 

 

  1. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.
  1. Scientists believe genetics has nothing to do with experiencing PTSD.      F    
  2. One of the major challenges of coping with PTSD is sensitivity to triggers.      T    
  3. Talking with mental health professionals can be very expensive, so you should avoid that option unless it is absolutely necessary.     F   
  4. People coping with PTSD may be isolated because what triggers physical and emotional reactions is unpredictable,     T   




  1. If you notice some signs of PTSD in your friend or family member, you should
  1. let them know that recovering from PTSD is usually easy. 
  2. warn them not to tell anyone because they will be embarrassed.
  3. let them know that you understand their difficulties.
  4. tell them to avoid getting evaluation and treatment because they are not usually effective.

 

  1. Why has PTSD been called “the hidden wound?”

Because it comes without outward physical signs.

 

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