<TED Worksheet (Free)>
58. How to practice effectively…for just about anything
Annie Bosler and Don Greene
<5:10>   February 2017

 

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
(PDF)   (Word)

Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.

(1) pirouette

(2) repetition

(3) improvement

(4) confidence

(5) neural

(6) tissue

(7) sensory

(8) stimuli

(9) nerve

(10) fiber

(11) spinal cord

(12) axon

(13) myelin

(14) sheath

(15) insulation

(16) attribute

(17) allot

(18) vivid

(19) unravel

(20) achieve

(21) potential




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<Questions>

  1. In terms of “practice,” which of the following statements is not mentioned in the speech?
  1. It is directly related to how to build our muscles.
  2. It is the repetition of an action with the goal of improvement.
  3. It helps us perform a certain action with more ease and speed.
  4. It provides you confidence.

 

  1. The following section describes the two kinds of neural tissue which we have in our brains. Fill in the blanks.

Tissue #1:  (1)                     matter

  • It processes information

      in the brain.

  • It directs (2)                         and

      sensory stimuli to

     (3)                      

Tissue #2:  (4)                    matter

  • It is mostly made up of (5)             

      tissue and nerve (6)                   .

 

  1. Which of the following statement is true about axons?
  1. They are used as electrical cables.
  2. They are chains of nerve fibers.
  3. They are substances used to build our muscles.
  4. They exist only in the human brain.

 

  1. Which of the following statemen is not true about myelin?
  1. It is a fatty substance that exists in the white matter.
  2. It prevents energy loss from electrical signals that the brain uses.
  3. It is believed that the repetition of a physical motion will increase the layers of myelin sheath that insulates the axons.
  4. It is wrapped with axons.

 

  1. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.
  1. Many top athletes have muscles that have good memory.           
  2. It is difficult to quantify the number of hours, days, and years of practice that it takes to master a skill.          
  3. If you practice a number of hours, the quality and effectiveness of practice are not that important to master a skill.         
  4. Effective practice means that it is consistent, intensely focused, and targets content or weaknesses that lie at the edge of one’s current abilities.          

 

  1. There are 4 tips to get the most out of your practice time. Fill in the blanks.

Tip #1:  Focus on the task at hand.

  • Minimize potential (1)                 

      by turning off the computer or

     TV and putting your cellphone

     on (2)                     mode.  

 

Tip #2:   Start out (3)                     

               or in slow-motion.

  • If you increase the

     (4)                  of the quality

     repetitions, you will have a better

     chance of doing them correctly.

 

Tip #3:  Have frequent repetitions

             with allotted (5)            .

  • Many top athletes, musicians,

       and dancers divide their practice

      time into multiple daily

      practice sessions of

     (6)                         duration. 

 

Tip #4:  Practice in your brain

                 in (7)                     detail.

  • Once physical motion has been

      established, it can be reinforced

      just by (8)                            it. 





================
<Answers>

  1. In terms of “practice,” which of the following statements is not mentioned in the speech?
  1. It is directly related to how to build our muscles.
  2. It is the repetition of an action with the goal of improvement.
  3. It helps us perform a certain action with more ease and speed.
  4. It provides you confidence.

 

  1. The following section describes the two kinds of neural tissue which we have in our brains. Fill in the blanks.

Tissue #1:  (1)   grey (gray)     matter

  • It processes information

      in the brain.

  • It directs (2)  signals   and

      sensory stimuli to

     (3)   nerve    

Tissue #2:  (4)  white      matter

  • It is mostly made up of (5)   signals          

      tissue and nerve (6)   fibers    .

 

  1. Which of the following statement is true about axons?
  1. They are used as electrical cables.
  2. They are chains of nerve fibers.
  3. They are substances used to build our muscles.
  4. They exist only in the human brain.

 

  1. Which of the following statemen is not true about myelin?
  1. It is a fatty substance that exists in the white matter.
  2. It prevents energy loss from electrical signals that the brain uses.
  3. It is believed that the repetition of a physical motion will increase the layers of myelin sheath that insulates the axons.
  4. It is wrapped with axons.

 

  1. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.
  1. Many top athletes have muscles that have good memory.       F    
  2. It is difficult to quantify the number of hours, days, and years of practice that it takes to master a skill.      T    
  3. If you practice a number of hours, the quality and effectiveness of practice are not that important to master a skill.    F    
  4. Effective practice means that it is consistent, intensely focused, and targets content or weaknesses that lie at the edge of one’s current abilities.     T   

 

  1. There are 4 tips to get the most out of your practice time. Fill in the blanks.

Tip #1:  Focus on the task at hand.

  • Minimize potential (1)  distractions   

      by turning off the computer or

     TV and putting your cellphone

     on (2)  airplane   mode.  

 

Tip #2:   Start out (3)  slowly     

               or in slow-motion.

  • If you increase the

     (4) speed   of the quality

     repetitions, you will have a better

     chance of doing them correctly.

 

Tip #3:  Have frequent repetitions

             with allotted (5)  breaks  .

  • Many top athletes, musicians,

       and dancers divide their practice

      time into multiple daily

      practice sessions of

     (6)  limited   duration. 

 

Tip #4:  Practice in your brain

                 in (7)  vivid     detail.

  • Once physical motion has been

      established, it can be reinforced

      just by (8)  imaging     it. 
 

 

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