<TED Worksheet (Free)>
67. The treadmill’s dark and twisted past
Conor Heffernan
<3:55>   September 2015

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
(PDF)   (Word)

Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.

(1) thud

(2) constrain

(3) monotony

(4) abysmal

(5) execution

(6) deportation

(7) solitude

(8) filthy

(9) philanthropy

(10) dire

(11) spoke (noun)

(12) decimate

(13) exertion

(14) tame

(15) boisterous

(16) monotonous

(17) severity

(18) constitute

(19) terror

(20) vengeance

(21) unsuspecting

(22) patent

(23) forerunner

(24) (in the) limelight




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<Questions>

  1. In the 1800s, treadmills were created in England. Why were they created?

 

  1. Which of the following statements is not true about the prison system in England in the 1800s?
  1. It was terribly bad.
  2. Many people thought the punishments were appropriate.
  3. Execution and deportation were the two major punishments.
  4. Cells were filthy.

 

  1. When was the first treadmill invented? Who invented it?

      When:                                          

       Who:                                             




  1. The following section describes how treadmills were used in prisons in England in the 1800s. Fill in the blanks, and choose the correct answers in the parentheses.

Step 1.  Prisoners stepped on

              (1)                 spokes of a large

              paddle wheel.  

Step 2.  As the wheel turned,

               the prisoner was forced to

               keep stepping ( up / down )

               or risk falling off.

Step 3.  The rotation made gears

                pump out (2)                 ,

                crush (3)                  , or

                power (4)                     .

 

  1. The treadmill system seemed to be a fantastic idea, but there was a problem. What was it?
  1. There were not enough windmills around the prisons.
  2. People were against the idea of using treadmills in prisons.
  3. It was too much work for the prisoners.
  4. It could not provide enough economical support.

 

6.  According to the speech, after seeing the positive effects of using treadmills in prison in England, which country adopted the idea?

  

7. Later on, the use of treadmills in prison was considered cruel and banned in England. When did this happen?

             

8. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.

  1.  A treadmill patent was registered in America in 1911.           
  2.  The jogging craze hit the U.S. in the 1990s.           
  3.  Treadmills were used for disciplining children.               
  4.  Nowadays treadmills are used to improve aerobic fitness and lose weight.           




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<Answers>

  1. In the 1800s, treadmills were created in England. Why were they created?

to punish English prisoners

  1. Which of the following statements is not true about the prison system in England in the 1800s?
  1. It was terribly bad.
  2. Many people thought the punishments were appropriate.
  3. Execution and deportation were the two major punishments.
  4. Cells were filthy.

 

  1. When was the first treadmill invented? Who invented it?

    When:      1818                        

     Who:   (Sir) William Cubitt (an English engineer)    




  1. The following section describes how treadmills were used in prisons in England in the 1800s. Fill in the blanks, and choose the correct answers in the parentheses.

Step 1.  Prisoners stepped on

              (1)   24     spokes of a large

              paddle wheel.  

Step 2.  As the wheel turned,

               the prisoner was forced to

               keep stepping ( up / down )

               or risk falling off.

Step 3.  The rotation made gears

                pump out (2)    water    ,

                crush (3)   grain    , or

                power (4)   mills    .

 

  1. The treadmill system seemed to be a fantastic idea, but there was a problem. What was it?
  1. There were not enough windmills around the prisons.
  2. People were against the idea of using treadmills in prisons.
  3. It was too much work for the prisoners.
  4. It could not provide enough economical support.

 

6.  According to the speech, after seeing the positive effects of using treadmills in prison in England, which country adopted the idea?

  America

7. Later on, the use of treadmills in prison was considered cruel and banned in England. When did this happen?

   1898

8. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.

  1.  A treadmill patent was registered in America in 1911.       T    
  2.  The jogging craze hit the U.S. in the 1990s.     F  
  3.  Treadmills were used for disciplining children.          F    
  4.  Nowadays treadmills are used to improve aerobic fitness and lose weight.     T    

 

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