<TED Worksheet (Free)>
65. Why sitting is bad for you
Murat Dalkilinç
<4:50>   March 2015

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
(PDF)   (Word)

Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.

(1) agitate

(2) recuperate

(3) sedentary

(4) elastic

(5) mold

(6) spine

(7) cartilage disc

(8) ligament

(9) slump

(10) spinal disc

(11) hunch

(12) (chest) cavity

(13) delicate

(14) artery

(15) vein

(16) brunt

(17) limb

(18) enzyme

(19) capillary

(20) stasis

(21) intuitive

(22) slouch





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<Questions>

  1. Which of the following statements is true?
  1. Our lifestyles make us move around much more than sit.
  2. Staying seated even for a few minutes is very harmful.
  3. Our bodies love to sit. 
  4. Sitting for brief periods can help us recover from stress.

 

  1. How many joints and skeletal muscles do we have in our bodies?

joints:                                      

skeletal muscles:                      

 

  1. The following section shows why we believe the human body is built to move. Fill in the blanks.

a.  Our unique physical structure

     gives us the ability to stand

     up straight against the pull of 

     (1)                             .

b.  Our (2)                       depends

     on us moving around to

     be able to circulate properly.

c.  Our (3)                        cells

     benefit from movement.

d.  Our (4)                           is

      elastic, meaning it molds

      to our motions.




  1. Being seated for too long causes some problems. Fill in the blanks.

      <backbone>

         a.  Our spine is a long structure

              made of (1)                       

              and (2)                      discs

             that sit between them, and

             (3)                 , (4)                ,

            and ligaments are attached

            to the bones holding it all

            together.

        b.  When you sit, usually with

             a curved back and slumped

             shoulders, this position

             puts uneven pressure on

             your (5)                      .

            Over time this

           1. causes wear and tear

              in your

             (6)                     (2 words).

            2. overworks certain

                (7)                     and

                (8)                     .

              3. puts (9)                 on

                  muscles that stretch

                  to accommodate your

                  back’s curved position.

                4. shrinks your chest

                    (10)                       ,

                    meaning your lungs

                    have less space to

                    expand.

                    (This limits the amount

                    of oxygen that fills your

                    lungs and filters into

                    your blood.) 

   <around the skeleton (muscles, nerves, arteries and veins)>

a.  The act of sitting (11)            ,

    (12)               , and compresses,

    and those more delicate tissues

    really feel the brunt.

b.  In areas that are the most

     compressed, your (13)                  ,

     (14)                       , and veins

     can become blocked, which limits

     nerve signaling, causing

     numbness, and reduces blood

     flow in your limbs, causing

     them to swell.

 

    <blood>

a. Sitting for long periods

    temporarily deactivates

    lipoprotein lipase,

    a special enzyme in the  

    (15)                          of

    blood capillaries that

    breaks down

    (16)                        

    in the blood.

 

    <brain>

  1. Our brains need good

       blood flow and

       (17)                               

       in order to remain alert,

       but being stationary

       reduces both of them.    

       → Your (18)                  

            levels will most likely dip.



  1. In the speech, which of the statements is not mentioned as a problem caused by sitting for long periods?
  1. It can cause depression.
  2. It is linked with some types of cancers and heart disease.  
  3. It can contribute to diabetes, kidney and liver problems.
  4. Over 5 million people die every year because they sit for too long.

 

  1. Which of the following suggestions is not mentioned in the speech?
  1. If you need to sit, try to straight your spine.
  2. Aim to move around much more.   
  3. Find a gym and go there as much as you can.
  4. Set a reminder to yourself to get up every 30 minutes.




================
<Answers>

  1. Which of the following statements is true?
  1. Our lifestyles make us move around much more than sit.
  2. Staying seated even for a few minutes is very harmful.
  3. Our bodies love to sit. 
  4. Sitting for brief periods can help us recover from stress.

 

  1. How many joints and skeletal muscles do we have in our bodies?

joints:    (over) 360           

skeletal muscles:    (about) 700  

 

  1. The following section shows why we believe the human body is built to move. Fill in the blanks.

a.  Our unique physical structure

     gives us the ability to stand

     up straight against the pull of 

     (1)     gravity           .

b.  Our (2)   blood      depends

     on us moving around to

     be able to circulate properly.

c.  Our (3)   nerve     cells

     benefit from movement.

d.  Our (4)   skin     is

      elastic, meaning it molds

      to our motions.




  1. Being seated for too long causes some problems. Fill in the blanks.

      <backbone>

         a.  Our spine is a long structure

              made of (1)  bones    

              and (2)   carilage    discs

             that sit between them, and

             (3)  joints    , (4)  muscles  ,

            and ligaments are attached

            to the bones holding it all

            together.

        b.  When you sit, usually with

             a curved back and slumped

             shoulders, this position

             puts uneven pressure on

             your (5)   spine   .

            Over time this

           1. causes wear and tear

              in your

             (6)   spinal discs    (2 words).

            2. overworks certain

                (7)  ligaments   and

                (8)  joints   .

              3. puts (9)   strain    on

                  muscles that stretch

                  to accommodate your

                  back’s curved position.

                4. shrinks your chest

                    (10)  cavity    ,

                    meaning your lungs

                    have less space to

                    expand.

                    (This limits the amount

                    of oxygen that fills your

                    lungs and filters into

                    your blood.) 

   <around the skeleton (muscles, nerves, arteries and veins)>

a.  The act of sitting (11)   squashes    ,

    (12)  pressurizes   , and compresses,

    and those more delicate tissues

    really feel the brunt.

b.  In areas that are the most

     compressed, your (13)   nerves   ,

     (14)  arteries   , and veins

     can become blocked, which limits

     nerve signaling, causing

     numbness, and reduces blood

     flow in your limbs, causing

     them to swell.

 

    <blood>

a. Sitting for long periods

    temporarily deactivates

    lipoprotein lipase,

    a special enzyme in the  

    (15)  walls     of

    blood capillaries that

    breaks down

    (16)    fats       

    in the blood.

 

    <brain>

  1. Our brains need good

       blood flow and

       (17)    oxygen     

       in order to remain alert,

       but being stationary

       reduces both of them.    

       → Your (18)  concentration   

            levels will most likely dip.



  1. In the speech, which of the statements is not mentioned as a problem caused by sitting for long periods?
  1. It can cause depression.
  2. It is linked with some types of cancers and heart disease.  
  3. It can contribute to diabetes, kidney and liver problems.
  4. Over 5 million people die every year because they sit for too long.

 

  1. Which of the following suggestions is not mentioned in the speech?
  1. If you need to sit, try to straight your spine.
  2. Aim to move around much more.   
  3. Find a gym and go there as much as you can.
  4. Set a reminder to yourself to get up every 30 minutes.

 

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