<TED Worksheet (Free)>
77. The surprising link between stress and memory
Elizabeth Cox
 <4:36>  September 2018

 

 

Questions
PDF)(Word

Answers
PDF)(Word

Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.
(1) acquisition
(2) encounter
(3) consolidate
(4) hippocampus
(5) amygdala
(6) encode
(7) retrieve
(8) moderate
(9) corticosteroid
(10) chronic
(11) inject
(12) sustain
(13) prefrontal cortext
(14) inhibit
(15) vicious
(16) collected
(17) circumstance
(18) counteract
(19) reduction
(20) critical





<Questions>

  1. Which of the following statements is not true?
  1. There is a complex relationship between stress and memory.
  2. There are many types of stress and different kinds of memory.
  3. You will always get short-term stress when you take an important test.
  4. When you are nervous, you sometimes forget things and your mind goes blank.

 

  1. The following section describes how this kind of memory works. There are three main steps. Fill in the blanks.
    1. <Step 1: (1)                           >
      • Each (2)                             experience activates a unique set of brain areas.
    2. <Step 2: (3)                            >
      • Sensory experiences need to be consolidated by the (4)                             , influenced by the (5)                             , which emphasizes experiences associated with strong emotions.
      • Then hippocampus encodes memories, probably by strengthening the (6)                    connections stimulated during the original sensory experience.
    3.  <Step 3: (7)                            >
      • Memories are stored all over the (8)                           .
      • The prefrontal cortex signals for their (9)                             .
    4.  
  1. Which of the following statements is not true?
  1. Moderate stress helps experiences enter our memory.
  2. Corticosteroids will be released when our brain receives stressful stimuli.
  3. Corticosteroids activate a process of threat-detection and threat-response in the amygdala.
  4. Corticosteroids stimulate our hippocampus thereby deteriorating our memory consolidation.

 





 

  1. Although some stress can be helpful,
  1. it is difficult to maintain that stress for a long time.
  2. it will cause some negative influence if it is extreme and chronic.
  3. it will not be effective on memory tasks.
  4. time pressure will not help you memorize a list at all.

 

  1. According to the speech, the prefrontal cortex governs three things. What are they?

(1)                           
(2)                           
(3)                           

 

  1. In a dangerous situation,
  1. the activity of the prefrontal cortext will be inhibited.
  2. fight/flight/freeze response will activate the prefrontal cortext.
  3. the corticosteroids will help you come up with some ideas to overcome the situation.
  4. the corticosteroids stop the digestive system.

 

  1.  The following section describes what you can do to turn stress to your advantage and handle it well. Fill in the blanks.
  1. If you are going to have an important test, try preparing in conditions (1)                             to the stressful environment.
  2. You should (2)                            because it will reduce anxiety and increase your sense of well-being.
  3. When you are taking a test, try taking (3)                                     (2 words) to counteract your body’s fight/flight/freeze response.
    • experience activates a unique set of brain areas.

 

  1. What does the word “ataraxia” mean?

 





<Answers>
  1. Which of the following statements is not true?
  1. There is a complex relationship between stress and memory.
  2. There are many types of stress and different kinds of memory.
  3. You will always get short-term stress when you take an important test.
  4. When you are nervous, you sometimes forget things and your mind goes blank.

 

  1. The following section describes how this kind of memory works. There are three main steps. Fill in the blanks.
    1. <Step 1: (1)    acquisition    >
      • Each (2)     sensory     experience activates a unique set of brain areas.
    2. <Step 2: (3)     consolidation    >
      • Sensory experiences need to be consolidated by the (4)     hippocampus     , influenced by the (5)     amygdala     , which emphasizes experiences associated with strong emotions.
      • Then hippocampus encodes memories, probably by strengthening the (6)     synaptic     connections stimulated during the original sensory experience.
    3.  <Step 3: (7)     retrieval    >
      • Memories are stored all over the (8)     brain    .
      • The prefrontal cortex signals for their (9)     retrieval     .
    4.  
  1. Which of the following statements is not true?
  1. Moderate stress helps experiences enter our memory.
  2. Corticosteroids will be released when our brain receives stressful stimuli.
  3. Corticosteroids activate a process of threat-detection and threat-response in the amygdala.
  4. Corticosteroids stimulate our hippocampus thereby deteriorating our memory consolidation.

 





 

  1. Although some stress can be helpful,
  1. it is difficult to maintain that stress for a long time.
  2. it will cause some negative influence if it is extreme and chronic.
  3. it will not be effective on memory tasks.
  4. time pressure will not help you memorize a list at all.

 

  1. According to the speech, the prefrontal cortex governs three things. What are they?

(1)     thought    
(2)     attention    
(3)     reasoning    

 

  1. In a dangerous situation,
  1. the activity of the prefrontal cortext will be inhibited.
  2. fight/flight/freeze response will activate the prefrontal cortext.
  3. the corticosteroids will help you come up with some ideas to overcome the situation.
  4. the corticosteroids stop the digestive system.

 

  1.  The following section describes what you can do to turn stress to your advantage and handle it well. Fill in the blanks.
  1. If you are going to have an important test, try preparing in conditions (1)     similar     to the stressful environment.
  2. You should (2)     exercise     because it will reduce anxiety and increase your sense of well-being.
  3. When you are taking a test, try taking (3)     deep breaths     (2 words) to counteract your body’s fight/flight/freeze response.
    • experience activates a unique set of brain areas.

 

  1. What does the word “ataraxia” mean?

a state of calmness, free from anxiety

 

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