<TED Worksheet (Free)>
78. Does stress cause pimples?
Claudia Aguirre
 <3:35> November 2012

 

 

Questions
PDF)(Word

Answers
PDF)(Word

Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.
(1) zit
(2) bud (verb)
(3) practically
(4) eclipse
(5) hover
(6) giggle
(7) slump away
(8) pop quiz
(9) stumble
(10) daze
(11) primitive
(12) confront
(13) plight
(14) hypothalamus
(15) pituitary gland
(16) adrenocorticotropic hormone
(17) cortisol
(18) inflammation
(19) susceptible
(20) churn (out)
(21) lipid
(22) testosterone
 

 




<Questions>

  1. Which of the statements is not mentioned in the video?
  1. Justin, the male character in the video, has a pimple on his nose.
  2. Justin always goes to his locker after lunch.
  3. Justin has a crush on one of the girls in the video.
  4. Justin was laughed at because of his pimple.

 

  1. The following section talks about what happened to Justin before he got his zit. Fill in the blanks.
  1. Justin got to class just in time to hear the teacher say “(1)                                            (2 words).”
    → He thought he was unprepared because he hadn’t done (2)                                            (2 words).
    → Justin panicked and made his palms (3)                          , his mind foggy, and his heart jump.
  2. When he stumbled out of class, his stress spiked up because he ran into his all-time (4)                          

 

  1. The following section talks about stress. Fill in the blanks.
  1. Stress is a general biological response to a potential (1)                          .
  2. Stress can make you (2)                           for your life, or (3)                           for your life.
    → Special chemicals called (4)                                             (2 words) run through your body, giving you more oxygen and power to run away from danger or to face it and fight for your life.

 




  1. When you don’t fight or take flight, you face the (5)                          .
    → When we are taking final exams, sitting in traffic, or pondering pollution, we internalize stress.
  2. It all begins in the brain.
    1. (a) The hypothalamus, the master controller of your (6)                          , release something called corticotropin-releasing hormone.
    2. (b) This triggers the pituitary gland, a pea-sized gland found at the base of the (7)                          , to release adrenocorticotropic hormone which then stimulates the adrenal gland sitting on top of the (8)                           to release (9)                          , the major stress hormone.
    3. (c) Those natural chemicals are a great help in “fight-or-flight” situations, but if you are just sitting, they can affect your overall (10)                          .
  3. Stress hormones increase inflammation in the body, suppress the (11)                           system, which makes you more susceptible to infection by acne-causing (12)                           and can even increase oil production in the skin.
  4. (13)                           is involved in making skin cells churn out oily lipids from sebaceous glands, and when there’s too much of these oily (14)                          , they can plug up swollen, inflamed pores and trap acne-causing bacteria inside.
  5. When you are (15)                          , inflammatory neuropeptides will be released, which will promote the creation of acne.
  6. Boys have more (16)                           than girls, which is another hormone that increases oil production in the skin,
  7. Stressful situations are unavoidable, but we can try to change our (17)                           so that we will not be so stressed in the end. 





<Answers>
  1. Which of the statements is not mentioned in the video?
  1. Justin, the male character in the video, has a pimple on his nose.
  2. Justin always goes to his locker after lunch.
  3. Justin has a crush on one of the girls in the video.
  4. Justin was laughed at because of his pimple.

 

  1. The following section talks about what happened to Justin before he got his zit. Fill in the blanks.
  1. Justin got to class just in time to hear the teacher say “(1)    pop quiz     (2 words).”
    → He thought he was unprepared because he hadn’t done (2)    his homework     (2 words).
    → Justin panicked and made his palms (3)    sweaty     , his mind foggy, and his heart jump.
  2. When he stumbled out of class, his stress spiked up because he ran into his all-time (4)    crush    

 

  1. The following section talks about stress. Fill in the blanks.
  1. Stress is a general biological response to a potential (1)    danger    .
  2. Stress can make you (2)    fight     for your life, or (3)    run     for your life.
    → Special chemicals called (4)    stress hormones     (2 words) run through your body, giving you more oxygen and power to run away from danger or to face it and fight for your life.

 




  1. When you don’t fight or take flight, you face the (5)    plight    .
    → When we are taking final exams, sitting in traffic, or pondering pollution, we internalize stress.
  2. It all begins in the brain.
    1. (a) The hypothalamus, the master controller of your (6)    hormones    , release something called corticotropin-releasing hormone.
    2. (b) This triggers the pituitary gland, a pea-sized gland found at the base of the (7)    brain    , to release adrenocorticotropic hormone which then stimulates the adrenal gland sitting on top of the (8)    kidneys     to release (9)    cortisol    , the major stress hormone.
    3. (c) Those natural chemicals are a great help in “fight-or-flight” situations, but if you are just sitting, they can affect your overall (10)    health    .
  3. Stress hormones increase inflammation in the body, suppress the (11)    immune     system, which makes you more susceptible to infection by acne-causing (12)    bacteria     and can even increase oil production in the skin.
  4. (13)    Cortisol     is involved in making skin cells churn out oily lipids from sebaceous glands, and when there’s too much of these oily (14)    lipids    , they can plug up swollen, inflamed pores and trap acne-causing bacteria inside.
  5. When you are (15)    nervous    , inflammatory neuropeptides will be released, which will promote the creation of acne.
  6. Boys have more (16)    testosterone     than girls, which is another hormone that increases oil production in the skin,
  7. Stressful situations are unavoidable, but we can try to change our (17)    responses     so that we will not be so stressed in the end. 

 

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