<TED Worksheet (Free)>
79. Where did English come from?
Claire Bowern
 <4:28> July 2015

 

Questions
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Answers
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Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.
(1) dialect
(2) evolve
(3) undergo
(4) derive
(5) conquer
(6) recognizable
(7) invade
(8) comparative
(9) linguistic
(10) counterpart
(11) descendant
(12) correspondence
(13) archeological
(14) evidence
 

 




<Questions>

  1. Which statement is true?
  1. Normans invaded France in 1066 and change the language in France.
  2. English is totally different from Latin-derived romance languages, such as French and Spanish.
  3. English has evolved through generations of speakers, undergoing major changes over time.
  4. What we call Old English consists of English previously spoken in England, Russia, and India.

 

  1. Which statement is not true about Old English?
  1. It is also known as the language of Beowulf.
  2. Viking invaders in the 8 th and 11 th centuries banned the use of Old English.
  3. Old English belongs to the Germanic language family.
  4. After the 6 th century, German words starting with “p,” systematically shifted to a “pf” sound while their Old English counterparts kept the “p” unchanged.

 

  1. The words “skirt” and “skull” directly came from
  1. Old Norse
  2. French
  3. Latin
  4. Spanish

 





 

  1. Which statement is not true about Proto-Germanic?
  1. It was spoken around 500 B.C.E.
  2. It was never written.
  3. We can use Proto-Indo-European to trace the origins of Proto-Germanic.
  4. It was spoken on the Pontic steppe in what is now modern-day Ukraine and Russia.

 

  1. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.
  1. Proto-Indo-European is the reconstructed ancestor of the Indo-European family that includes nearly all languages historically spoken in Asia.                    
  2. Comparing English with Latin, English has “t” where Latin has “p”, and “f” where Latin has “t” at the start of words.                   
  3. Some of English’s relatives include Hindi, Persian, and Celtic languages.                   
  4. Proto-Indo-European itself descended from an even more ancient language, but we cannot go any further because of the lack of evidence.                   





<Answers>
  1. Which statement is true?
  1. Normans invaded France in 1066 and change the language in France.
  2. English is totally different from Latin-derived romance languages, such as French and Spanish.
  3. English has evolved through generations of speakers, undergoing major changes over time.
  4. What we call Old English consists of English previously spoken in England, Russia, and India.

 

  1. Which statement is not true about Old English?
  1. It is also known as the language of Beowulf.
  2. Viking invaders in the 8 th and 11 th centuries banned the use of Old English.
  3. Old English belongs to the Germanic language family.
  4. After the 6 th century, German words starting with “p,” systematically shifted to a “pf” sound while their Old English counterparts kept the “p” unchanged.

 

  1. The words “skirt” and “skull” directly came from
  1. Old Norse
  2. French
  3. Latin
  4. Spanish

 





 

  1. Which statement is not true about Proto-Germanic?
  1. It was spoken around 500 B.C.E.
  2. It was never written.
  3. We can use Proto-Indo-European to trace the origins of Proto-Germanic.
  4. It was spoken on the Pontic steppe in what is now modern-day Ukraine and Russia.

 

  1. Write “T” if the statement is true and “F” if the statement is false.
  1. Proto-Indo-European is the reconstructed ancestor of the Indo-European family that includes nearly all languages historically spoken in Asia.      F   
  2. Comparing English with Latin, English has “t” where Latin has “p”, and “f” where Latin has “t” at the start of words.     F   
  3. Some of English’s relatives include Hindi, Persian, and Celtic languages.      T   
  4. Proto-Indo-European itself descended from an even more ancient language, but we cannot go any further because of the lack of evidence.     T   

 

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