<TED Worksheet (Free)>
80. How did English evolve?
Kate Gardoqui
 <4:53> November 2012

 

Questions
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Answers
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Trascript

<Key Vocabulary>
Write the meaning(s) of each word. Write an example sentence (example sentences) if you need.
(1) hearty
(2) cordial
(3) reception
(4) barbarian
(5) crumble
(6) withdraw
(7) recognizable
(8) invasion
(9) treaty
(10) aristocracy
(11) peasant
(12) clergyman
(13) sophisticated
(14) lumberjack
(15) classy
(16) refine
(17) connotation
(18) nobility
(19) authority
(20) evoke
(21) consciously
(22) subconsciously
 

 




<Questions>

  1. The speaker gave two sentences at the beginning of the speech. What are the two sentences? Fill in the blanks.
  • Sentence 1: They gave us a                                    (2 words).
  • Sentence 2: They gave us a                                    (2 words).

 

  1. In 400 C.E, the Celts in Britain were ruled by Romans, but they had one good thing. What was it?

 

  1. What did the Germanic tribes, the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes do in the British Isles after the Romans withdrew from Britain?

 

  1. The Germanic tribes, the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes lived in Britain, and their Germanic language Anglo Saxon became the common language. What is it known as?

 

  1. Although Old English looks very different from modern English, there are many recognizable words in Old English. List two Old English words that are introduced in the speech as recognizable words.
  • (1)                                  
  • (2)                                  

 





 

  1. Fill in the blanks.
  1. In the 700’s, a series of Viking (1)                             began.
    • → It split the island in half. On one side were the (2)                            and the other side were the (3)                            , who spoke Old Norse.
  2. Eventually, the boundaries became blurry and Old English mixed with Old Norse.
    • (Some examples of Old Norse words that we still use today)
    • (4)                            (5)                            (6)                           
  3. In (7)                            , the Normans, Vikings who settled in France, brought war again to the British Isles.
    • → They placed a (8)                             king on the English throne.
    • → (9)                            became the language of British royalty for three centuries.
  4. Society in Britain came to have two levels.
    • 1. (10)                            -speaking aristocracy
    • 2. (11)                                                       (2 words) -speaking peasants
  5. The French also brought many Roman Catholic clergymen with them who added (12)                            words to the mix.
  6. As the language expanded, English speakers quickly realized that if they wanted to sound sophisticated, they should use words that had come from (13)                            or (14)                            .

 

  1. Circle the correct answers in the parentheses.
  • Saxon words and French words have different connotations. Saxon words have the connotation of ( peasantry / nobility ), and French words have the connotation of ( peasantry / nobility ).
  •  





<Answers>
  1. The speaker gave two sentences at the beginning of the speech. What are the two sentences? Fill in the blanks.
  • Sentence 1: They gave us a      hearty welcome      (2 words).
  • Sentence 2: They gave us a     cordial reception    (2 words).

 

  1. In 400 C.E, the Celts in Britain were ruled by Romans, but they had one good thing. What was it?
  • They were protected from the Saxon tribes of Northern Europe.

 

  1. What did the Germanic tribes, the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes do in the British Isles after the Romans withdrew from Britain?
  • They formed kingdoms.

 

  1. The Germanic tribes, the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes lived in Britain, and their Germanic language Anglo Saxon became the common language. What is it known as?
  • Old English  

 

  1. Although Old English looks very different from modern English, there are many recognizable words in Old English. List two Old English words that are introduced in the speech as recognizable words.
  • (1)     father    
  • (2)     heaven    (another possible answer) forgive

 





 

  1. Fill in the blanks.
  1. In the 700’s, a series of Viking (1)     invasions    began.
    • → It split the island in half. On one side were the (2)     Saxons    and the other side were the (3)     Danes    , who spoke Old Norse.
  2. Eventually, the boundaries became blurry and Old English mixed with Old Norse.
    • (Some examples of Old Norse words that we still use today)
    • (4)     freckle     (5)     leg     (6)     root    (another possible answer) want
  3. In (7)     1066     , the Normans, Vikings who settled in France, brought war again to the British Isles.
    • → They placed a (8)     Norman     king on the English throne.
    • → (9)     French     became the language of British royalty for three centuries.
  4. Society in Britain came to have two levels.
    • 1. (10)     French     -speaking aristocracy
    • 2. (11)     Old English     (2 words) -speaking peasants
  5. The French also brought many Roman Catholic clergymen with them who added (12)     Latin     words to the mix.
  6. As the language expanded, English speakers quickly realized that if they wanted to sound sophisticated, they should use words that had come from (13)     French     or (14)     Latin     .

 

  1. Circle the correct answers in the parentheses.
  • Saxon words and French words have different connotations. Saxon words have the connotation of ( peasantry / nobility ), and French words have the connotation of ( peasantry / nobility ).

 

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