<TED Worksheet>
20. What would happen if you didn’t sleep?
Claudia Aguirre
<4:19>   November 2015

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
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Trascript




≪Questions:What would happen if you didn’t sleep≫

1. Randy Gardner tried to stay awake for many days in a row to see what would happen if he didn’t sleep. How many days did he stay awake?

 

 

2. List 3 difficulties that Randy experienced during his experiment.

(1)                                             

(2)                                          

(3)                                          

      

3. How many hours do adults need to sleep every day? How many hours do adolescents need to sleep every day?

  Adults :                                         

 Adolescents :                               




4. List two things that are happing to our bodies when we are in non-REM sleep.

(1)                                              

(2)                                             

 

5. In the USA, what percentage of adults is regularly sleep-deprived? What percentage of adolescents is regularly sleep-deprived?

Adults :                                

Adolescents :                       

 

6. List 3 serious symptoms we may experience if we do not sleep long enough.

(1)                                      

(2)                                    

(3)                                   




7. The following statement describes what fatal familial insomnia is. Fill in the blanks.

Only a handful of people on the planet

have this condition.

It places the body in a nightmarish

state of (1)                                    

forbidding it from entering

the sanctuary of (2)                    , 

Within months or years, 

this progressively worsening

condition leads to

(3)                                             and

(4)                                            

 

8. According to some scientists, what is one of the reasons that sleep deprivation can cause such immense suffering?

 

 

9. What will happen if adenosine builds up in the brain?

 

 

10. What is the glymphatic system? What will happen to this system when we sleep?

 




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≪Answers:What would happen if you didn’t sleep≫

1. Randy Gardner tried to stay awake for many days in a row to see what would happen if he didn’t sleep. How many days did he stay awake?
11 days

 

2. List 3 difficulties that Randy experienced during his experiment.

(1) His eyes stopped focusing.

(2) He lost ability to identify objects by touch.

(3) He became moody and uncoordinated.
 (Other possible answers)
He struggled to concentrate. / He had trouble with short-term memory. / He became paranoid. / He started hallucinating.  

 

3. How many hours do adults need to sleep every day? How many hours do adolescents need to sleep every day?

  Adults : 7-8 hours             

 Adolescents : about 10 hours





4. List two things that are happing to our bodies when we are in non-REM sleep.

(1) Our DNA is repaired

(2) Our bodies replenish themselves for the day ahead

 

5. In the USA, what percentage of adults is regularly sleep-deprived? What percentage of adolescents is regularly sleep-deprived?

Adults : (about) 30 %

Adolescents : (about) 66 %

 

6. List 3 serious symptoms we may experience if we do not sleep long enough.

(1) inflammation

(2) hallucinations

(3) high blood pressure
 (Other possible answers)  diabetes / obesity / stroke

7. The following statement describes what fatal familial insomnia is. Fill in the blanks.

Only a handful of people on the planet have this condition.

It places the body in a nightmarish

state of (1)wakefulness, forbidding it from entering

the sanctuary of (2)sleep. Within months or years, 

this progressively worsening condition leads to

(3)dementia and (4)death

 

8. According to some scientists, what is one of the reasons that sleep deprivation can cause such immense suffering?
Because it accumulates waste products in the brain.

 

9. What will happen if adenosine builds up in the brain?
It will increase the urge to sleep, also known as sleep pressure.

 

10. What is the glymphatic system? What will happen to this system when we sleep?
It’s a clean-up mechanism that removes waste products built up in the brain. It becomes much more active when we sleep.

 

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