<TED Worksheet>
32. The benefits of a bilingual brain
Mia Nacamulli
<4:48>   June 2015

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
(PDF)   (Word)

Trascript

 

≪Questions:The benefits of a bilingual brain≫

1. <True or False> If you can speak two or more languages, your brain may look and work differently from those of monolingual people.

  

2. Language ability can be divided into four parts, two active parts and two passive parts. What are they?

Active part 1:                       

Active part 2:                       

Passive part 1:                     

Passive part 2:                     

 

3. Bilinguals can be categorized into three groups. What are they? Fill in the blanks and choose the best answer in the ( ).

Type 1:  (1)                    bilingual

1. Developing two linguistic codes

   (2)                    

2. Learning two languages with

    ( a single set / two sets ) of concepts.  

 

Type 2:  (3)                    bilingual

1. Leaning two languages with

   ( a single set / two sets ) of concepts.

     (e.g.) learning English in school

     and speaking Spanish at home

     and with friends

 

Type 3:  (4)                    bilingual

1. Learning ( a second language /

    their first language ) through

   ( a second language /

   their first language ).




4. The following paragraph explains the critical period hypothesis. Fill in the blanks and choose the best answer in the ( ).

    Hypothesis:  ( Children / Adults )

    learn languages more easily.

  <Reasons>

  They can use both (1)                  

  of the brain in language acquisition.

      → This will provide a more

           holistic grasp of its

          (2)                    and

          (3)                     contexts.

 

<Counter Argument>

 People who learned a

second language in

( childhood / adulthood )

show less  (4)                     bias

and a more (5)                    

approach when they face

problems in the second language

than in their first language. 

 

5. Being multilingual gives some advantages to our brain. List two.

(1)                                          

                                               

 

(2)                                          

                                               

 

  1. Being bilingual can activate in, and potentially strengthen, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in our brain. List three roles that the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex plays in:

(1)                                             

(2)                                             

(3)                                             

 



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≪Answers:The benefits of a bilingual brain≫

1. <True or False> If you can speak two or more languages, your brain may look and work differently from those of monolingual people.
True

 

2. Language ability can be divided into four parts, two active parts and two passive parts. What are they?

Active part 1:    speaking    

Active part 2:   writing    

Passive part 1:   listening     

Passive part 2:   reading    

 

3. Bilinguals can be categorized into three groups. What are they? Fill in the blanks and choose the best answer in the ( ).

Type 1:  (1)  compound    bilingual

1. Developing two linguistic codes

   (2)   simultaneously     

2. Learning two languages with

    ( a single set / two sets ) of concepts.  

 

Type 2:  (3)   coordinate    bilingual

1. Leaning two languages with

   ( a single set / two sets ) of concepts.

     (e.g.) learning English in school

     and speaking Spanish at home

     and with friends

 

Type 3:  (4)  subordinate    bilingual

1. Learning ( a second language /

    their first language ) through

   ( a second language /

   their first language ).




  1. The following paragraph explains the critical period hypothesis. Fill in the blanks and choose the best answer in the ( ).

    Hypothesis:  ( Children / Adults )

    learn languages more easily.

  <Reasons>

  They can use both (1)  hemispheres   

  of the brain in language acquisition.

      → This will provide a more

           holistic grasp of its

          (2)   social     and

          (3)  emotional   contexts.

 

<Counter Argument>

 People who learned a

second language in

( childhood / adulthood )

show less  (4)   emotional    bias

and a more (5)  rational  

approach when they face

problems in the second language

than in their first language. 




5. Being multilingual gives some advantages to our brain. List two.

(1)    (having) a higher density of the grey matter (that contains most of our brain’s neurons and synapses)   

(2)    more activity in certain regions when engaging a second language    
  (another possible answer) helps delay the onset of diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and dementia (by as much as five years).

 

6. Being bilingual can activate in, and potentially strengthen, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in our brain. List three roles that the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex plays in:

(1)   executive function 

(2)   problem solving    

(3)   switching between tasks   
  (another possible answer) focusing while filtering out irrelevant information

 

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