<TED Worksheet (Free)>
35. How fast can a vaccine be made?
Dan Kwartler
<5:32>  June 2020

 

Questions
(PDF)   (Word)

Answers
(PDF)   (Word)

Trascript

 

≪Questions:How fast can a vaccine be made?≫

1. There are three main phases in vaccine development. Fill in the blanks.

Phase 1: Exploratory Research
 a. Scientists try to find (1)                

     and (2)                 vaccine designs.

Phase 2: Clinical Testing
   a. Vaccines are evaluated for

       (3)                               , and

      (4)                               , and

      (5)                               (2 words)

      across a variety of populations.

Phase 3: Manufacturing
     a. Vaccines are produced and

        (6)                              

        for public use.




2. How long does vaccine development process usually take?

 

 

3. What is the goal of exploratory research?

 

 

4. Which of the following statements is not true about exploratory research?

(a) Developing traditional attenuated vaccines usually takes a long time.
(b) It only took 42 days to develop the first testable COVID-19 vaccine.
(c) The most effective vaccine designs are usually the slowest to be produced.
(d) There are only three vaccine designs, but they all require time consuming research.




5. Clinical testing consists of three phases, and each contains multiple trials. What are they? Fill in the blanks.

Phase 1 trials:

    a. Focusing on the (1)                      

       of the triggered immune response.

    b. Try to establish that the vaccine

        is (2)                               and

       (3)                               .

 

Phase 2 trials:
   a.  Focusing on determining

        the right (4)                             

        and delivery (5)                      

        across a wider population.

 

Phase 3 trials:
a.  Determining (6)                              

     across the vaccine’s primary

     use population.

b. Identifying rare

    (7)                                        (2 words)

    and (8)                               reactions.




6. Regardless of the difficulty of speeding up clinical testing, what is one of the ways to expedite this process?

 

 

7. Which of the following statements is mentioned in the speech?

(a) Each vaccine requires a unique pipeline to produce.
(b) Manufacturing plans are usually designed after researching and testing are over.
(c) If DNA and mRNA based vaccines are produced, manufacturing vaccines will become cheaper.
(d) Labs in the world will not cooperate or share knowledge and resources because developing and selling vaccines is one of the major businesses in the world.

 




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≪Answers:How fast can a vaccine be made?≫

1. There are three main phases in vaccine development. Fill in the blanks.

Phase 1: Exploratory Research
 a. Scientists try to find (1)  safe   

     and (2)  replicable   vaccine designs.

Phase 2: Clinical Testing
   a. Vaccines are evaluated for

       (3)  safe    , and

      (4)  efficacy   , and

      (5)  side effects    (2 words)

      across a variety of populations.

Phase 3: Manufacturing
     a. Vaccines are produced and

        (6)  distributed   

        for public use.




2. How long does vaccine development process usually take?
15 to 20 years

 

3. What is the goal of exploratory research?
To find a safe way to introduce our immune system to the virus or bacteria.

 




4. Which of the following statements is not true about exploratory research?

(a) Developing traditional attenuated vaccines usually takes a long time.
(b) It only took 42 days to develop the first testable COVID-19 vaccine.
(c) The most effective vaccine designs are usually the slowest to be produced.
(d) There are only three vaccine designs, but they all require time consuming research.

 

5. Clinical testing consists of three phases, and each contains multiple trials. What are they? Fill in the blanks.

Phase 1 trials:

    a. Focusing on the (1)   intensity  

       of the triggered immune response.

    b. Try to establish that the vaccine

        is (2)  safe   and

       (3)  effective    .

 

Phase 2 trials:
   a.  Focusing on determining

        the right (4)  dosage   

        and delivery (5)  schedule   

        across a wider population.

 

Phase 3 trials:
a.  Determining (6)   safety  

     across the vaccine’s primary

     use population.

b. Identifying rare

    (7)  side effects   (2 words)

    and (8)   negative     reactions.




6. Regardless of the difficulty of speeding up clinical testing, what is one of the ways to expedite this process?
Running multiple trials within one phase at the same time.
  (another possible answer) leveraging previously approved treatments

 

7. Which of the following statements is mentioned in the speech?

(a) Each vaccine requires a unique pipeline to produce.
(b) Manufacturing plans are usually designed after researching and testing are over.
(c) If DNA and mRNA based vaccines are produced, manufacturing vaccines will become cheaper.
(d) Labs in the world will not cooperate or share knowledge and resources because developing and selling vaccines is one of the major businesses in the world.

 

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