<TED Worksheet (Free)>
36. How does alcohol make you drunk?
Judy Grisel
<5:04>  April 2020

 

Questions
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Answers
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Trascript

 

≪Questions:How does alcohol make you drunk?≫

1. What is the active ingredient in alcoholic beverages?  

 

2. The following paragraph explains how alcohol will be absorbed byour body. Fill in the blanks.

  Step 1. Alcohol lands in the (1)            .

      If you are full, only a small amount

     of alcohol will be absorbed into the

     blood because of the pyloric

     sphincter, which separates your

     (2)                and your 

    (3)                                      (2 words).




Step 2. From the (4)                 , alcohol goes to the (5)                  .

 The two organs that get the most blood flow:  the liver and the brain.

The liver

  • (6)                       (ADH & ALDH)

      in the liver break down the

      (7)               molecule in two steps: 

         1. ADH turns alcohol into

             acetaldehyde, which is

            (8)                                  .

         2. ALDH turns the acetaldehyde to

           (9)                                  

The brain

  • The brain’s sensitivity is responsible

      for the (10)                                ,

      (11)                                    , and

     (12)                       effects of alcohol.

  • Alcohol turns up GABA and turns

     down glutamate, which makes

     neurons much less

     (13)                        and makes users

     feel (14)                       .




3. Which statement is true about alcohol?

  1. It decreases the number of endorphins.
  2. It produces a large amount of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens.
  3. BAC, blood alcohol concentrations, will usually be the same if people consume the same amount of food and drinks.
  4. Consuming even a little amount of alcohol will damage your liver, so drinking alcoholis not good.

 

 

4. Which of the following sentences is not true?

  1. Genetic differences in dopamine may contribute to risk for developing an alcohol use disorder.
  2. Regular drinkers tend to be anxious and have trouble sleeping.
  3. If you have a sensitive endorphin response, you may have a lower risk of excessive drinking.
  4. Our genes and previous experience in drinking may affect how we shape our drinking patterns.




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≪Answers:How does alcohol make you drunk?≫

1. What is the active ingredient in alcoholic beverages?  
ethanol

2. The following paragraph explains how alcohol will be absorbed byour body. Fill in the blanks.

  Step 1. Alcohol lands in the (1) stomach  .

      If you are full, only a small amount

     of alcohol will be absorbed into the

     blood because of the pyloric

     sphincter, which separates your

     (2)   stomach   and your 

    (3)    small intestine    (2 words).




Step 2. From the (4) blood  , alcohol goes to the (5)  organs  .

 The two organs that get the most blood flow:  the liver and the brain.

The liver

  • (6)  Enzymes  (ADH & ALDH)

      in the liver break down the

      (7)  alcohol   molecule in two steps: 

         1. ADH turns alcohol into

             acetaldehyde, which is

            (8)  toxic   .

         2. ALDH turns the acetaldehyde to

           (9) non-toxic  

The brain

  • The brain’s sensitivity is responsible

      for the (10)   emotional   ,

      (11)   cognitive    , and

     (12)   behavioral    effects of alcohol.

  • Alcohol turns up GABA and turns

     down glutamate, which makes

     neurons much less

     (13) communicative  and makes users

     feel (14)  relaxed  .




3. Which statement is true about alcohol?

  1. It decreases the number of endorphins.
  2. It produces a large amount of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens.
  3. BAC, blood alcohol concentrations, will usually be the same if people consume the same amount of food and drinks.
  4. Consuming even a little amount of alcohol will damage your liver, so drinking alcoholis not good.

 

 

4. Which of the following sentences is not true?

  1. Genetic differences in dopamine may contribute to risk for developing an alcohol use disorder.
  2. Regular drinkers tend to be anxious and have trouble sleeping.
  3. If you have a sensitive endorphin response, you may have a lower risk of excessive drinking.
  4. Our genes and previous experience in drinking may affect how we shape our drinking patterns.

 

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